Anthony G. Payne
Reports are beginning to surface indicating that retail sources for emergency preparedness or survival gear, dehydrated foods, seeds and such cannot keep up with demand. It isn’t hard to figure out why with articles and tweets and such appearing almost every few minutes on what is happening or lies ahead in term of climate spawned global upheaval, tectonic activity that is triggering volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and other calamities, fracking induced quakes, super droughts and massive wildfires, epidemics, increasing social conflict & unrest and gun violence, economic instability in nations great and small, the unrestrained barbarity of ISIS, not to mention terrorist acts taking place worldwide by people of every extremist stripe, and a seemingly endless litany of calamities both human-made and natural that are sending millions of refugees streaming into Italy, Hungary, and elsewhere. And this hardly begins to scratch the surface of how many ways life is now making various doomsday movies, books and such that appeared in the 1950s, 1960s and beyond almost prophetic.
Tags: Antichrist, Apocalyse, beheadings, Bible prophecy, Biblical eschatology, Book of Revelation, CBN, China, Christian survivalists, crucifictions, Daniel, divine judgment, doomsday, earthquakes, Ebola, economic upheaval, end times, epidemics, eschatology, EU, Ezekial, false prophet, fracking, Gordon Robertson, Great Depression, great depression 2015, Great Planet Earth, Great Tribulation, Hal Lindsey, Hitler, Iran, Iran nuclear deal, IS, ISIL, ISIS, Islamic State, Jim Bakker, Jonathan Cahn, Late, Pat Robertson, pestilence, public executions, refugees, sin and judgment, super drought, survialists, survival, survival gear, survival prepardedness, TBN, The apocalypse, The Harbinger, The Mystery of the Shemitah Unlocked, US in propehcy, USA, wildfires
From the “sure to throw off your spiritual gyroscope” department: 3 books — 2 free online & 1 cheap through Amazon
Will Islam Be Our Future? A Study of Biblical and Islamic Eschatology (This book is FREE online in its entirety) by Joel Richardson
Jesus’ Words Only (Second Edition 2007) (This book is FREE online in its entirety) by Douglas J. Del Tondo, Esq.
The RAPTURE QUESTION Answered: Plain & Simple by Robert Van Kampen
Tags: Antichrist, antimessiah, beheadings, Biblical eschatology, Douglas J. Del Tondo, end times, future, Hal Lindsey, IS, ISIL, ISIS, Islamic eschatology, Jesus' Words Only, Joel Richardson, Late Great Planet Earth, Mahdi, messiah, messianic, Paul, Pauline, prophecy, Rapture, Robert Van Kampen
Tags: Antichrist, antisemitism, Apocalyse, beheadings, Bob Shieffer, Book of Daniel, Caliphate, CBW, Daniel war, Dark Ages, Davidic messiah, dictators, earthquakes, economic collapse global warming, end times, eschatology, evil, Face the Nation, false prophet, Godfearers, IS, ISIS, Islam, Islamic, Islamic State, Israel, Jesus, last days, messiah, Middle East, nuclear war, prophecy, Revelations, sleeper cells, stonings, supercells, Temple Institute, terrorism, Tribulation, violence, Yehoshua
Where you have competition, you have losers and those who seem to revel in their loss. Pretty much everyone reading this knows how the Romans flocked to the Amphitheatrum Flavium better known as the Coliseum (starting around 80 CE) and were thrilled to see gladiatorial contest losers being dispatched and were reportedly especially happy when enemies of the state were served up to the Angel of Death in the goriest way possible. Today this competitive impulse is vented and satisfied in sports stadiums and contests of every description. And….on TV and in movies, in science and medicine, in academia, and in pretty much every endeavor or undertaking you can name. It is almost as if the road up is paved with the wounded, fallen, and discarded.
I personally think we all get more mileage out of cooperation than competition, which is actually a cardinal expression of our social nature. But we still compete. In academia, the term “publish or perish” wasn’t coined as a joke but as a reflection of the cutthroat competition that researchers, scholars and professors keenly feel. Today it is almost commonplace to read about retracted papers whose underlying studies include fraudulent or plagiarized data or information, which I suspect arises when researchers and others feel the only way to “stay afloat” is to take “shortcuts to glory” (Something that when exposed oftentimes sinks the very careers the perpetrators hoped to sustain and grow). The website “Retraction Watch” is actually devoted to airing these kinds of failings from the world of published research.
What concerns me isn’t that people make bad choices, we all do at one time or another after all, but rather that some folks seem to revel in seeing the “perpetrators” thrust into the spotlight and made to endure a seeming unending barrage of shame and denunciation. Some even anticipate bad times for not only people who wonder off the straight & narrow, but for those who are unconventional or are doing things that could be perceived or interpreted as crossing some real or imagined legal or regulatory line by the powers-that-be. Some seem to salivate at the very prospect that an ill wind will blast those they disagree with or oppose into obscurity…or worse.
Those who take this particular low road are IMO the modern day equivalent of those Romans who clamored for the destruction of those who had violated Imperial law.
So why do people, especially cultured, educated souls, seem to thrill in what amounts to an exercise in cruelty? Has their sense of competitiveness and the need to be right taken on a pathological dimension? Do they find that the only way they can feel better is by stepping on and then over the careers and lives of those they feel duty bound to hurl stones at? Do they have little or no empathy, at least for those they disagree with or oppose? Is it intolerance or ignorance at work…or both? Maybe it is all of this and more, at least in some instances. Let me share what I think motivates at least some of these “professional stone throwers”.
It is my contention that the mechanism (if you will) at work in those who either predict doom for their real or perceived nemeses (“worthy targets”) or who work towards this end, is the same one that animates the cruel actions of terrorists who behead their helpless victims. In 2005 I touched on this in an analytic article I titled “Terrorist beheadings and other forms of inflicted, violent death: Are victims aware of what is happening around them after their heart and lungs have stopped working?” (which you can access at http://bit.ly/142hi4Y)
It will take only a few salient lines to spell out my spin on this:
…there is an element of “enlightened self interest” in our curiosity and even fascination with dying and death. When we ask “What did that poor soul experience?”, we are in some way seeking in the death of others some idea of what we might sense or think or visualize as we go through our own final, irreversible “systems failure”.
So there you have it. As I see it some, perhaps many “stone hurlers” – I refer specifically to those who engage in ad hominem attacks on people or classes or groups of people instead of challenging faulty or flawed ideas, or who make suppositions with regard to what underlies poor or bad choices as though they are privy to seeing into their being (quite a feat when you consider most mental processes beneath consciousness and are not accessible to us) – do so (in part) to both existentially anticipate and experience the suffering they predict or facilitate for those they oppose. Of course, if their target winds up in hot water, rehab, prison or the cemetery, there is the ego-gratification of being able to say (either bluntly or ever so diplomatically) “See, I told you so”. By virtue of this they feel justified in the rightness of their particular stone hurling activities and encouraged to continue doing so. Society is not better for it, for successful cruelty has a way of attracting imitators and supporters and then of being further reinforced until it becomes “a self-evident truth”.
How should we deal with stone hurling and other forms of depersonalizing cruelty? The faulty thinking, choices and ideas that underlie such actions should be brought to light, dissected and challenged. But under no circumstance should this include attacks on the character or worth of people who have “played a Roman at the games” or supported those who do so. And, last but not least, we should strive mightily to meet and supplant heartless, cynical or even cruel actions on the part of others with exceeding kindness, cooperation, forgiveness and mercy whenever possible.
© 2013 by Dr. Anthony G. Payne. All rights reserved.
Recommended Supplemental Reading
The Science of Evil: On Empathy and the Origins of Cruelty by Dr. Simon Baron-Cohen
The Self Illusion: How the Social Brain Creates Identity by Bruce Hood, Ph.D.
The Illusion of Conscious Will by Dr. Daniel M. Wegner
Tags: ad hominem, beheadings, Coliseum, cruelty, cynical, cynicism, forgiving, fraud in academia, high road, jaded, judging others, kindness, low road, mean spirited, meanness, mercy, oneupmanship. comeuppance, publish or perish, Retraction Watch, Romans, terrorism, thumbs down
Terrorist beheadings and other forms of inflicted, violent death: Are victims aware of what is happening around them after their heart and lungs have stopped working?
The many beheadings carried out by insurgents in Iraq during the past year or so not unexpectedly generated expressions of revulsion and denunciation far and wide. It is difficult for all but the most callous souls not to feel pangs of anguish for those who have been dealt this grisly fate. No doubt many of you have at one time or another found yourself trying to imagine the thoughts and feelings of the victims prior to and during decapitation. And then thinking, “Were they aware of anything following this despicable act?”
This concern has a lot to do with our human capacity to emphasize and sympathize with others, but there is an element of “enlightened self-interest” in our curiosity and even fascination with dying and death. When we ask “What did that poor soul experience?”, we are in some way seeking in the death of others some idea of what we might sense or think or visualize as we go through our own final, irreversible “systems failure”.
Modern science has amassed a great deal of evidence that the dying brain can and often does generate a wide range of images and such, not unexpectedly reflective of individual beliefs, expectation, and history. But what of the period immediately following cessation of heart and lungs? For example, does the brain of a just severed head continue to function?
Consider this account tendered by a French physician named Beaurieux who attended the state-sanctioned guillotining of a criminal named Languille during the early morning hours of June 28th, 1905 (France abolished the death penalty in 1981):
“I consider it essential for you to know that Languille displayed an extraordinary sang-froid and even courage from the moment when he was told, that his last hour had come, until the moment when he walked firmly to the scaffold. It may well be, in fact, that the conditions for observation, and consequently the phenomena, differ greatly according to whether the condemned persons retain all their sang-froid and are fully in control of themselves, or whether they are in such state of physical and mental prostration that they have to be carried to the place of execution, and are already half-dead, and as though paralyzed by the appalling anguish of the fatal instant.
“The head fell on the severed surface of the neck and I did not therefore have to take it up in my hands, as all the newspapers have vied with each other in repeating; I was not obliged even to touch it in order to set it upright. Chance served me well for the observation, which I wished to make.
“Here, then, is what I was able to note immediately after the decapitation: the eyelids and lips of the guillotined man worked in irregularly rhythmic contractions for about five or six seconds. This phenomenon has been remarked by all those finding themselves in the same conditions as myself for observing what happens after the severing of the neck…
“I waited for several seconds. The spasmodic movements ceased. The face relaxed, the lids half closed on the eyeballs, leaving only the white of the conjunctiva visible, exactly as in the dying whom we have occasion to see every day in the exercise of our profession, or as in those just dead. It was then that I called in a strong, sharp voice: “Languille!” I saw the eyelids slowly lift up, without any spasmodic contractions – I insist advisedly on this peculiarity – but with an even movement, quite distinct and normal, such as happens in everyday life, with people awakened or torn from their thoughts.
Next Languille’s eyes very definitely fixed themselves on mine and the pupils focused themselves. I was not, then, dealing with the sort of vague dull look without any expression, that can be observed any day in dying people to whom one speaks: I was dealing with undeniably living eyes which were looking at me. “After several seconds, the eyelids closed again, slowly and evenly, and the head took on the same appearance as it had had before I called out.
“It was at that point that I called out again and, once more, without any spasm, slowly, the eyelids lifted and undeniably living eyes fixed themselves on mine with perhaps even more penetration than the first time. The there was a further closing of the eyelids, but now less complete. I attempted the effect of a third call; there was no further movement – and the eyes took on the glazed look which they have in the dead.
“I have just recounted to you with rigorous exactness what I was able to observe. The whole thing had lasted twenty-five to thirty seconds.
A Little Background
The human brain is a complex assembly of interactive biological modules (as it were) that make it possible for us to do a myriad of things that favor our survival like eating, drinking, getting about, making love, and… thinking (Among just a few of its many faculties and features). When specific components of this system shut down we sleep and dream. When certain others do so, we lose our sense of time, space and position and can even experience disembodied states (Out-of-body, near-death, etc.), “oneness with God, the universe, and everything” (Mystical episodes), and similar wonders. These varying shades and expressions of this “neural network” — this brain-generated, emergent faculty we call mind and consciousness – fascinates us to the point of obsession. We all want to know how it is all this hardware in our heads comes together to work in the way it does, as well as what kind and degree of consciousness we muster after our brain ceases to receive life-sustaining oxygen and glucose.
For most of human history,…in most cultures of the world… the matter of consciousness and such was primarily if not exclusively the province of philosophers, theologians and mystics. With the expansion and refinement of the probing, powerfully explanatory tools and methodology of science, this state-of-affairs shifted. We are gradually, inexorably moving closer and closer to fathoming what was once unfathomable; to making explicable what was once perplexing and stupefying to the point of being “magical” and “miraculous”.
Here is but a few examples of things that have come to light through scientific exploration and testing:
Brain scans of people deep in prayer or meditation have revealed activity in specific brain regions that correlate with states that range from “enlightened insight” to awe to oceanic bliss (transcendence) to ecstatic visions. The areas of the brain involved and the way in which they are activated actually creates a blurring of the demarcation between self and “not-self” that gives rise to a boundary-lessness the brain experiences and interprets as a state of oneness with the universe. These brain states appear normative for our species and not pathological (There are conditions such as frontal lobe epilepsy and certain forms of schizophrenia in which hyper-religiosity, visions, delusions and such appear, but these manifestations are markedly different from what transpires in folks who have no brain disease or disorder present).
- Out-of-body experiences have been linked (in part) to malfunctions in the angular gyrus, a part of the brain that plays an important role in the way the brain analyzes sensory information that informs how we perceive our own bodies. In a 2002 paper published in the prestigious journal, Nature, scientists stimulated this structure in the brain of a 43 year old woman who had an 11 year history of epileptic seizures. During periods when electrical stimulation was applied, the woman spoke of seeing herself “lying in bed, from above, but I only see my legs and lower trunk.” She also described “floating” near the ceiling above her (A distance of 72 inches or so).
- Near Death Experiences (NDEs) including traveling down a tunnel towards a bright light and such have been duplicated by persons using an audio system called the Hemi-Sync® developed by the Monroe Institute. In addition, Laurentian University neuroscientist Michael Persinger, Ph.D. has done some pioneering lab work that supports his contention that temporal lobe instability can produce OBE and NDE-like episodes and that these can be set off by various naturally occurring phenomena and events (Dying being one of them).
It seems likely that science will in the fullness of time demonstrate that all OBEs, NDEs, mystical experiences, and such are manifestations of physiological activity in the human brain evoked by external and internal influences and processes. But as proving a negative such as “there is no life after death” is virtually impossible — and given that whatever lies well beyond brain death cannot be probed or accessed by the tools of science — there is a point at which disbelief (as in “you die and that’s it”) or conversely faith in a post-mortem existence share a level playing field.
However, the focus and concern of this foray is not what lies well beyond cessation of all brain activity – electrical, biochemical, etc. – but rather what might be transpiring in the 4-10 minutes or more in which the brain is oxygen and glucose starved, is dying but yet has not reached that state of equilibrium or inactivity that is total brain death. And more pointedly, what does the dying brain perceive and experience, especially in the wake of having been placed in this state by a violent, terror-filled act?
Consciousness at death
Despite the fact scientists have not reached a consensus on the nature of consciousness or the complete neurological network and its interactions that give rise to it, we possess enough information and insight to determine various states and degrees of consciousness, e.g., aroused and alert v. asleep, epileptic, drugged, etc. In the context of this minor tome, “awareness of self and what is happening to self” is a good working definition of what it is to be conscious. This view is consistent with what one neuroscientist has posited:
“The content of consciousness, also known as awareness, represents the sum of cognitive and affective mental functions, and denotes the knowledge of ones existence, and the recognition of the internal and external worlds. It has been argued that consciousness has two dimensions: wakefulness and awareness. Awareness is the same as the content of consciousness. Wakefulness is provided by the arousal.
“Normal conscious behavior requires both arousal and awareness. Patients in coma are unconscious because both arousal and content of consciousness are disturbed.
“According to these important facts that show the relevance of the interaction of both components of consciousness (arousal and awareness) to govern conscious behavior in humans, I have recently presented a definition of human death. I used the term capacity for consciousness as synonym for arousal. To prevent possible nomenclature misunderstandings, it is better to use the term arousal. Awareness is a synonym for content of consciousness.
“The irreversible loss of both components of consciousness, arousal and awareness”
From “A new definition of death based on the basic mechanisms of consciousness generation in human beings” by Calixto Machado, M.D., Ph.D.
Head of the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology at the Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Havana, Cuba
Arousal and awareness requires that at least 2 brain structures be fully interconnected and up and running: The activating reticular formation and the cerebral cortex (Some researchers dispute the need for the cerebral cortex except for planning and conscience, but for now we will posit that both it and the activating reticular formation are needed to generate the kind and degree of waking consciousness we would recognize as being “fully operational”).
This brings us to the big question: Do these 2 structures continue to function pretty much true-to-form following cessation of heart and lung activity? And if they do, for how long after death?
According to Laurence Schneiderman, M.D. a bioethicist at the University of California, San Diego, “You have in your brain the cerebral cortex, which is actually a very thin structure on the outer surface of your cerebral hemispheres. Four to six minutes of anoxia, lack of oxygen, destroys that completely. The rest of your brain, particularly the brain stem, can survive for fifteen or twenty minutes without oxygen. That disparity accounts for what we now see in as many as 30,000 to 40,000 people being kept alive in permanent unconsciousness.”
So using his statement, the cerebral cortex and reticular activating formation can both continue to function for 4-6 minutes before the latter deteriorates and “disengages”. So we have the potential at least for the continued operation of the physiologic “essentials of consciousness” in a fuel (oxygen and glucose) deprived brain – for at most 6 minutes or so.
It can be argued that the cerebral cortex may indeed be functioning following immediate cessation of blood and oxygen flow, but not fully normally. Especially when death is sudden and traumatic. But what are we to make of case history accounts of folks who died suddenly – car wrecks, for example – remained clinically dead for 6 minutes or so — were resuscitated – and who report they had cogent thought patterns and a level of awareness that did not differ greatly from normal day-to-day life? This alone suggests that the cerebral cortex functions in a normal fashion for 4-6 minutes or so following clinical death.
Coming full circle: Are those who decapitated by terrorists aware of the murderous act being inflicted on them, as well as what takes place thereafter?
Given the fact the reticular activating system and cerebral cortex function in an apparently normal fashion until lack of oxygen disengages the latter (6 minutes or so after clinical death), it isn’t difficult to surmise (however tentatively) that people subjected to murderous deaths – be it by hanging, gassing, decapitation, etc. — are conscious of most if not all that is taking place (Again, at least up to 6 minutes of so following clinical death). Unless, that is, the crucial brain structures involved in generating consciousness are obliterated by the violent act – a bullet sent careening through consciousness-vital neurological structures, for example – or by administration of drugs or other compounds that suppress the function of one or more of these physiologic areas prior to clinical death.
This line of reasoning suggests that those poor souls who were decapitated by terrorists in Iraq did experience a meaningful degree and kind of consciousness for at least 6 minutes or so following their demise. Not unlike what was suggested by the post-decapitation reactions of Languille in 1905.
A final thought
Those who decapitate non-combatants in wartime are criminals, plain and simple. If these terrorists do drug their victims prior to dispatching them, it does not excuse or mitigate their criminal culpability or their lack of humanity. But it might in some way console the victim’s family and such – which would constitute a tiny decency in the midst of a malignant indecency.
But what of state-sanctioned executions? Can our brief foray into the nature of consciousness at and immediately following death help inform this aspect of national policy? I think it can.
Whether one believes that state-sanctioned executions are ethically or morally right – or not* – it is a legal recourse that prevails in many states and countries and apparently will do so for some time to come. In light of what we know and can conjecture concerning the nature of consciousness at death and afterwards, executions that involve obliterating consciousness prior to lethal act would seem more humane than those that do not. As such, the use of drugs which render prisoners unconscious prior to the administration of lethal drugs or such are probably sparring them undue suffering and anguish. It is a kindness – however convoluted or oxymoronic the whole concept of “humane execution” itself may be.
* I do not – based on a conclusion I reached as a boy: The state should never take from a citizen what it cannot later restore. If this were universal and fully enforced by the member nations of the world community, state-sanctioned genocide and such would seldom if ever occur.
© 2005 by Dr. Anthony G. Payne. All rights reserved.
Dr. Payne can be reached by e-mail at email@example.com
To learn more
For more on the history and folklore surrounding the guillotine: http://www.usd.edu/~jbulman/the_guillotine.htm
To learn about the Monroe Institute’s Hemi-Sync® audio system : http://www.healingproducts.com/monroe.htm (Dr. Payne has no commercial or other interest in this company or device)
Neuroanatomy of the Brain Stem Reticular Formation: http://www.anatomy.dal.ca/Human_Neuroanatomy/handout%20gifs/Reticular%20formation.html
This website looks at NDEs as representing more than a manifestation of a dying or otherwise dysfunctional brain: http://www.near-death.com/experiences/research08.html